à la liste
ou non des territoires d'Erets Yisrael ou une part de Jérusalem à
des puissances étrangères : quel
est le rôle des rabbins pour éclairer le peuple ?
site des Grands Rabbins d'Israël engagés sur cette question.
Ici des déclarations rabbiniques
12 mai 2000
Les Grands Rabbins d'Israël Eliyahu et Shapira,
associés aux rabbins Druckman, Melamed, Rabinovitch, Drori, Aviner, Lior
et de nombreux autres ont diffusé la déclaration suivante :
"The rights and obligations of the Nation of Israel
to the Land of Israel are eternal, and no element has the authority to nullify
the Jewish nation's right over any part of Eretz Yisrael. In these days,
when we hear words of weakness and the desire to give away parts of Eretz
Yisrael and Jerusalem, we call on everyone to take part in [the rally],
in order to strengthen the Jewish settlement presence in Yesha and Jerusalem!
We must be strong on behalf of the nation and the cities of our G-d,
and may we see the fulfillment of the prophecy, 'I will plant them on their
land and they will never again be uprooted from their land."
2000.Une lettre importante du Menachem Porush, Président mondial de l'Agoudate
Yisrael au Rav Ovadiah Yosef
Honorable Gaon of Israel
Rishon LeTzion Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef, Shlita [may he live a long and good life]
HaKablan St. 45, Jerusalem
Shalom and Blessings,
"I was a young man and I have now grown old." I was born at a time when the Turks
controlled this country. I lived through the period of the British Mandate, and
followed the events since the establishment of the State of Israel. The
difficulties we endured are engraved in my memory, as I was personally involved
in the developments.
I am writing this letter with a feeling that I don't recall ever experiencing
before -- a feeling of fear and great worry resulting from the persistent
and firm rumors that the government is planning to change the status of the
neighborhoods on the outskirts of Jerusalem, Abu Dis and Azariya, by handing
them over to complete Palestinian civil and military control.
"That which we feared has come."
Beyond doubt, the consequences of transferring Abu Dis and Azariya to Palestinian
military control are a security danger to Jerusalem.
Intense and thorough analysis has led to the conclusion that the consequences
will be the suffocation of Jerusalem with a Palestinian chain. Surely what we
are dealing with is "pikuach nefesh" on a massive scale, and even when one
person's life may be in danger we are required to take extraordinary measures.
Military personnel who are familiar
with the situation view this decision very gravely. It may result in endangering
the borders of Jerusalem. Shivers shoot up my spine when I realize that the situation
may deteriorate and become similar to that of 1929 and 1936-38, periods
when the Arabs were not controlled by a governing force. They rioted and endangered
There is no doubt
that Shas can prevent this by objecting clearly and loudly.
During the last few days, my phone has not stopped ringing. I have received numerous
phone calls from people representing all circles of the population, expressing
their apprehension and worry. Aware of my acquaintance with and admiration
for your Honor, they encouraged me to write this letter.
repeatedly ask myself the inevitable question: How can we imagine Shas sitting
tranquilly as the government, with the aid of Shas, will Heaven forbid return
the neighborhoods surrounding Jerusalem?
Since the government will be discussing this issue this coming Sunday, it is imperative
that the Shas ministers state their position clearly, that they object to any
changes in the status of Jerusalem at this stage.
Please, please, we request from his Honor shlita, please do not let anyone endanger
Jerusalem. Do not let anyone endanger the hundreds of thousands of residents
Leading Kabalist Rabbi Yitzhak Kaduri has come out in opposition of a planned
handover of Abu Dis to the PLO Authority (PA). It is likely that all the ultra-Orthodox
parties will oppose the withdrawal. The United Torah Judaism Party stated it would
wage a battle to stop the planned handover.
Chief Sephardic Rabbi Eliyahu Bakshi-Doron backs Religious
Yitzchak Cohen (Shas) in his call upon neighborhood rabbis
to "refrain from
issuing halakhic rulings on controversial national issues."
that neighborhood rabbis are elected to fulfill limited rabbinic
their neighborhoods, and are bound by the same limitations that
public-service employees. He was referring to a recent ruling
some 200 rabbis of the Pikuach Nefesh organization forbidding the
of parts of Eretz Yisrael to foreign rule, for safety reasons.
"The Rabbis of Kiryat Motzkin and Tsfat would do well to
themselves to issues of Kashrut, marriage, eruvin, and 'peace in
and leave the national political issues to the generation's decisors,"
according to Cohen. He stated that he met yesterday "with the President
the Council of Torah Sages, Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef, who is a world-class
leader and does not hold an active rabbinical position. Rabbi
repeated his ruling that the holiness of man is greater than the
of land, and in a case of national danger to life, it is permitted
parts of Eretz Yisrael."
Tsfat's Chief Rabbi Shmuel Eliyahu
said in response that he would not be
deterred from expressing his opinions
on national matters, and that it is
his right and obligation to do so.
"The Torah is complete, and includes
many things... I would not advise
the Minister to go the way of those who
used to say that the rabbi's place
is only in the synagogue. This is an
insulting approach... I can
forgive him in that he is still new in his
ministerial post - but he is supposed
to be a rabbi as well." Rabbi
Eliyahu said that the Chief Rabbinate
has not discussed the issue, and
added, "We don't live in [a dictatorship],
where a government official can
tell a rabbi what he can and cannot say.
Just as I am obligated to rule on
what is kosher and what is not, I am obligated
to speak out on critical
issues, such as those that concern danger to life.
It is inconceivable
that a religious-hareidi government minister should take
(Dépêche de Arutz Sheva du 28 octobre 1999).
autre élément au débat. Les anciens Grands Rabbins d'Israël
Eliahou et Shapira, écoutés du camp sioniste religieux engagé,
ont déclaré qu'il est interdit de s'opposer par la violence aux
soldats qui ont reçu des ordres dévacuer des civils israéliens
1200 rabbins d'Israël ayant à leur tête l'ex-grand Rabbin
d'Israël Shapira et les rabbins Dov Lior, Zalman Baruch Melamed, Tzefaniah
Drori, Nachum Rabinowitz, Chaim Druckman, Eliezer Waldman, Meyer Fendel, Sholom
Gold, Shabtai Zelikovitz, émettent un psaq halakha décrétant
qu'il est interdit selon la Torah de se dessaisir de la terre d'Israël, de
démanteler les habitants de Juifs qui y sont établis. Voici le texte
anglais diffusé dans sa version anglaise :
a. The Golan is part
of the Land of Israel that was granted to the Tribes
of Israel by the A-lmighty,
as recorded in our holy Torah. The Golan was
settled by Jews in the
1st and 2nd Temple periods, as our Sages tell us
(and as confirmed by Josephus).
According to Jewish Law, it is forbidden
to uproot Jewish settlements in Eretz
[b. The abandonment of the Golan involves a mortal danger for the
country. Withdrawing from the Golan will not bring peace, but
[c. It is unethical to remove Jews from their homes that they
with self-sacrifice and at the behest of the state.]
of thousands of Jews will stand against those who uproot us from
and who wheel and deal with our security. Every Jew must take
the legal public activities and act with self-sacrifice to prevent
of the Golan communities.
e. We call upon the government of Israel not
to tear away this precious
part of our Land, and not to cause a split in the
f. We call for a national convention of rabbis to strengthen the Golan.
"Let us strengthen and let us be strong on behalf of our nation and the
of our G-d."
2000. Un événement
Un Forum pour l'intégrité
de Jérusalem s'est constitué. Sa particularité est qu'il
réunit les milieux religieux orthodoxes, les courants religieux sionistes,
les organismes politiques des territoires et de la droite israélienne (Likoud,
Union Nationale) et des partis de olim (Yisrael B'Aliyah). Il est même placé
sous la présidence du Rabbin Menahem Porush qui préside l'Agoudate
Yisrael, courant ultra-orthodoxe.
Le représentant du Parti National
religieux (Mafdal, PNR) déclare que son parti ne restera pas dans la coalition
actuelle si le quartier de la banlieu de Jérusalem, Abu Dis, est remis
à l'aurorité palestinienne.
L'action prévue est
intitulée : 1 000 000 de juifs pour Jérusalem.
C'est la première
fois que les milieux orthodoxes entrent dans le débat et l'action politiques
unis avec les autres courants de la société israélienne :
seul le péril qui s'exerce actuellement contre Jérusalem a réussi
ce miracle qui marquera une grande étape dans l'histoire d'Israël.