Pr. Rav Yehoshua Rahamim Dipur
held by the author
Areas of expertise
on the Modia Website and the importance of ethnopsychology
books and 50 scientific papers
Judaism, psychology, counseling
Jewish Identity for Psychological and Educational Counselors
for People who wish to offer psychological support to victims
of terror or missile attacks.
- Research into Psychology and Repentance
Positions held by the author
Yehoshua Ra'hamim (Roger) Dufour
(Dipur, in hebrew)
Rav (rabbinical semisha by Rav Chalom Messas, Chief Rabbi of
Psychologist, psychoanalyst, psychodrama therapist. Counseling.
State Doctorate in Clinical Human Sciences (with highest distinction),
Subject: a theoretical and critical study of the personal and
cultural imagination in analytical daydreaming.
held by the author
Current position: Professor, Department
of Criminology, University of Bar Ilan, Ramat Gan, Israel.
Co-founder and Secretary General of ASEVICO, International Association
for Scientific Exchange on Violence and Human Coexistence.
Previously held positions:
Teacher with the IFEPP, the Institute of Training and Teaching
in Psychological and Psychososiological studies.
President of the International Association of Psychoanalytical
President of the International Psychoanalytical and Anthropological
Awarded the Gabriel Tarde
Prize in 1989 by the French Association of Criminology.
972-2-563 41 37
from Israel: 02 - 563 41 37
Fax: 972-2-563 41 37
from Israel: 02-563 41 37
Address: Dufour-Modia 5 alef Rehov
Alroi, Jerusalem 92108. Israel
areas of expertise
Psychology, anthropology, Jewish
Domains of specialization
1. Psychotherapy and counseling, with emphasis
on ethnopsychology and the influence of psychological, cultural
and Jewish backgrounds on self-development;
2. The psychological and psychopathological aspects of violence;
Multicultural research on violence and human coexistence;
3. The cognitive processes involved in the study of the Torah
and the Talmud.
In what way are these three
areas linked' Many readers want to understand the relationship
between the study of epistemology of Jewish texts as described
in my book "Lev Gompers" and my professional activities as a
teacher of psychology and therapeutic counselor.
My answer is that I dwell and "live" in Jerusalem (may it become
a truly holy city again!).
After having taught in Paris, I am now a professor at the University
of Bar Ilan in the Department of Criminology, where I teach
students about the psychology of violence. I also work as a
counselor in self-development.
I devote considerable time to study, research and publication.
My approach in my research, publications,
teaching, counseling and psychotherapy, is also based on the
three areas listed above: psychology, anthropology and Jewish
I try to understand how each individual functions, thinks, communicates
and what is the influence or tradition that has shaped him and
given him the
means to develop, fulfill himself, maintain equilibrium and
manage the personal or inter-personal crises which erupt in
a person's life.
In all of these areas, as in what links the three domains -
psychology, anthropology and Jewish tradition, as in the "Lev
Gompers," and as in meditation and Torah teaching, the central
guiding force of man is the Jewish concept of "lev" - the heart.
My aim, when a Jew asks for help or enters psychotherapy, is
to help him discover this holistic link and harmony which is
the basis of self-development. (See my thesis of doctorate).
The papers and books I have written follow the same approach
with regard to psychotherapy, dreams, the doctor/healer-patient
relationship, personal, inter-personal crises or group crises,
the relationship between psychology and Jewish tradition, the
fight against violence, and the struggle for human coexistence.
Thus these two areas (scientific and Jewish anthropology) are
not treated as separate, for they are part and parcel of the
same person; the person who seeks and the person who constructs
are one and the same. Applying all one's personal resources
in order to help, study, act or pray, involves the same process,
for it is written in Tractate Shabbat 75a: R. Shimon ben Pazi,
in the name of R. Yehoshua ben Levi in the name of Bar Kappara
said: "he who studied astronomy and does not practice this science
is designated by this verse 'they regard not the work of the
Lord, neither consider the operation of His hands' (Isaiah 5,
researching and teaching the Torah
The preface of Lev Gompers (2nd edition)
describes my background in Torah study and the Sages who influenced
me. It also includes recommendations by rabbinical authorities
on the book which is an introductory book to the study of the
Here is a short extract from the recommendation of Rav Shalom
Messas (Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem, and Head of Rabbinical Courts
of Jerusalem): "'an important work, not only because of its
content but also because of its high standard.. It presents
a wealth of knowledge, rules and introductions both for beginner
students of the Talmud and for those who have already delved
in it'even the most knowledgeable hakhamim (scholars)
of the Talmud and its commentaries will value and benefit from
The entire Modia Website is devoted to the
epistemology of Judaism at an academic study, encompassing
every aspect: cognitive, emotional,
inter-personal,representation of man, time, space, etc. This
knowledge is indispensable, particularly for those who work
in counseling, psychotherapy, education. It is essential for
people working in these fields to take into account the implicit
or explicit ethnopsychology of those who seek help.
Books (as of 1989)
1. L'image et le corps.
[Psychotherapy in Prisons: Image and Body]
ESF publishers-Paris, 1989, 165 pages.
(In all bookstores)
- Abstract: The author has chosen to describe psychotherapy
in extreme conditions (prison, noise, the case of a murderer,
risk of suicide, mutilation, acting out, repressive institution)
in order to illustrate the essence of psychotherapy. He describes
the therapeutic sessions, his theoretical analysis of the cases,
his interventions and the responses which emerged. He shows
how he takes into account the relationship between body, image
and language. Each step in the therapy warrants continued analytical
assessment and creativity. The book is accompanied by an in-depth
- Target audience: the general public, students, psychotherapists
dream, daydreaming, motive, creativity, body image, acting,
executing an act, treatment of violent prisoners, personal space,
2. La relation avec le
patient. [Patients'Perception of Physicians and Illness]
Privat-Dunod, Toulouse-Paris, 1992,
239 pages. (In all bookstores)
- Abstract: Illness is a difficult period both for the physician/caregiver
as for the sick person and his family. In addition to physical
pain, the sick person experiences great internal disruption
and this creates difficulties in the caregiver-patient relationship.
Despite good intentions on all sides, lack of understanding,
dissatisfaction, misunderstandings, anguish, violence, institutional
scorn are common occurrences. The scientific book is based on
the author's personal therapeutic accompaniment of sick people
during illnesses which lasted over ten years.
It describes numerous cases, offers advice, and constitutes
an invaluable illness guide, for sick people as well as for
their families and caregivers. It helps people deal with dissatisfaction,
depression, failing quality of life, conflicts, and loneliness
during this period. Specific chapters are devoted to serious
illnesses and terminal phases, when caregivers feel particularly
helpless and are at a loss as to what to do and say.
The chapters are accompanied by short, specialized bibliographies
of titles offering a broader knowledge on the subject and suitable
for personal development and teaching purposes.
- Target audience: researchers, therapists, the general public,
medical students, caregivers and relatives of patients.
illness, quality of life, cancer patient, doctor-patient relationship,
coping. therapists, the general public, medical students, caregivers
and relatives of patients.
3. Ecouter le Reve
(Psycholinguistics of daydreaming in psychoanalytic treatment)
Robert Laffont, 1992, revised 2nd edition.
350 pages. (in all bookstores)
- Abstract: The book describes the process of daydreaming, its
rules and linguistics, and how psychotherapy and psychoanalysis
Therapeutic work with daydreams not only reveals important material
for interpretation but also creates a psychic reorganization
which enables patients to resolve problems and develop self-understanding
and creativity. The book describes these processes and teaches
how to listen to oneself and to others, for we are always astride
between reality and the dreamworld. It enables one to discover
the great literary and mythical wealth which exists in all daily
- Target audience: the general public, students, psychotherapists
daydreaming, dream-work, listening, linguistics, psychotherapy,
4. Dictionnaire de
la violence et du crime [Scientific Dictionary of Violence
Eres. Toulouse, 1993. 458 pages. (in all
- Abstract: The book examines, subject by subject, current issues
of violence (theft, assault, terrorism, rape, crime, suicide,
political and financial violence, drugs, media, incest, war,
etc.) and is based on the author's own research and that of
international experts, particularly Anglo-Saxon researchers,
whose works are little known in France. It also describes the
different researchers, schools of thought and concepts, and
lists the bibliographies of the best works on each subject.
- Target audience: this book addresses itself to all those who
experience violence and to professionals who deal with issues
of violence. It is therefore suitable for those who work
in the social sector (psychologists and psychotherapists, educators,
social workers, journalists, lawyers and judges, physicians
and psychiatrists, police officers, teachers, those working
in drug rehabilitation programs, etc.); to those, in municipal,
regional and national offices, who are in charge of individual
or group violence and who require a solid grounding on the subject;
to heads of community organizations (cultural, educational,
parents of schoolchildren, aid to minorities and victims of
violence); to the members of the public who are exposed to violence
in their daily lives and in the media and who are concerned
about the rise of violence in our society.
5. Clinical Criminology
Subject headings: violence, deviance and
human rights, scientific classification, computational linguistics,
an indexing system and informational retrieval system. [In
English, French and Italian]
Proxima, International Institute for Human Rights. Trieste,
Italy. 1993. 251 pages.
- Abstract: This book is addressed to academics and librarians.
It describes all the concepts relating to violence which are
found in academic literature and used in numerous disciplines
and organizes them in a logical hierarchy suitable for use in
computerized library systems.
The book is entirely trilingual and enables the listing of French
and Italian scientific concepts and publications in international
6. Les dynamiques psychologiques
et cliniques du crime contre l'humanité
[pychological and clinical processes of
crimes against humanity]: chapter in "Le Crime Contre l'Humanite."
Eres. Toulouse, 1996. pp. 135-154.
- Abstract: This interdisciplinary book is devoted to the logic
of mass extermination which so painfully characterizes the 20th
century in numerous countries. The chapter presents a clinical
and psychological study of various mass murderers. It is based
on interviews, diaries, memoirs, psychotherapies, judicial proceedings,
psychological and psychiatric examinations, and personal testimonies
of different types of criminals.
The author stresses the process of personality splits, multiple
sets of morals operating simultaneously, unequivocal monodependency
on a third party, and the presence of these mechanisms in collaborators
who assisted the mass murderers.
- Target audience: the general public, students and teachers
in social sciences.
Holocaust, Hitler, Nazism, genocide, war, criminals, Eichmann,
obedience, torture, survivors, mass-murder.
7. Role de l'intellectuel
face aux causes de la violence politique dans la societie occidentale
[The role of the intellectual and the causes of political violence
in Western society] in "Pour un monde responsable et solidaire"
[towards a responsible and united world]. Editions Montmorency,
Canada. 19997. Pp. 379-391.
- Abstract: In addition to the classical theories, the author
insists on the need for intellectuals to know different cultures
and to think in terms of different anthropologies; not to limit
themselves to theories on others but to consider different concepts
from the perspective of the "other." Conflicts are based on
implicit ideologies which simplify reality, dissect it
into the two categories of good and evil anddemonize the enemy
before treating his disappearance as a logical event. The intellectual's
use of ideologies, religion and ethics for the cause of violence
is a process which needs to be examined closely and competently.
- Target audience: the general public, students and teachers
of social sciences.
collective violence, ideology, hate.
(poems - Jerusalem and man-Bible). Paris. 1993
9. Lev Gompers
Comment etudier le Talmud avec les maitres de la tradition.
[How to study the Talmud with the masters of tradition). Ed.
Lev. Jerusalem, 1994. 521 pages. 2nd revised edition in press.
Extracts on the Modia site.
au dela de l'amour
(poems - Love which is beyond love). Extracts on the Modia site.
(poems - Friend of the dawn). Extracts on the Modia site
Some papers (since 1992)
The author has published more than
50 papers in major academic journals.
1. Le suicide
et la tradition Juive [Suicide in Jewish Tradition; Ethno-Suicidology].
Nouvelle Revue d'Ethnopsychiatrie, 19. 1992. Pp. 121-169.
Abstract: The paper presents numerous cases of suicide described
in Jewish religious literature and analyzes them from a psychological
perspective. It also describes the complex and nuanced attitude
of Jewish law (halakha) to suicide.
Key words: suicide, halakha, Bible, Judaism.
Revue Internationale des Sciences. PP 246-268.
Abstract: The paper describes the development of visual, progaganda
techniques in contemporary warfare. It examines the psychological
processes of this phenomenon and the role played by the military,
the media and the spectator-public.
Key words: terrorism, violence, war, cinema, television.
3. Ver la
violencia de la guerra o el teatro de operaciones. [in
Revista International de Ciencias de Catalunya. Centre Unesco
de Catalunya, Barcelona, Juno 1992. PP 237-256.
the violence of warfare in the theatre of operations.
International Social Science Journal. Blackwell Publishers.
May 1993. Pp. 247-265.
- Abstract: The comment that war is as good as watching a film
and the phrase 'theater of operations'aptly sum up contemporary
attitudes to warfare and highlight the increasing importance
of its visual aspects. The author describes the psychological
mechanisms with which terrorism operates on the general public,
the public's attitude to war, terrorism as a communication strategy,
fantasy journalism, press reporting and dramatization, collective
criminal thinking, terrorists and soldiers as actors, social
conditions conducive to terrorism, the regulatory role of journalists,
daydreaming and reality.
Key words: terrorism, journalist,
dream, crime, strategy, war-game.
the violence of warfare in the theatre of operations
International Social Science Journal. Peking. 1994. Pp. 83-102.
The above paper has also been published in Arabic and Russian
6. Les intellectuels
et la violence [intellectuals and violence]
Hebrew University. Studies in Literature, 20. 1993. Pp. 27-49.
- Abstract: The paper examines the phenomena of rivalry, aggression
and violence in academic life and the part played by intellectuals
in legitimizing collective violence.
sur la lutte pour la vie dans les camps d'internement nazis
[Psychology of prisoners in Nazi transit camps in France].
Revue Perspectives. 1. 1994. Hebrew University Studies. Jerusalem.
- Abstract: The paper presents and analyzes from a psychological
perspective 50 letters written by a woman prisoner in Drancy.
The letters reveal the psychological evolution undergone by
deportees, in particular, the processes of psychological resistance
to the degradations which they experienced. The paper enabled
the author to publish in 1994 official documents proving, contrary
to the falsehoods disseminated in various quarters, that the
French government had ordered that the monies sequestered from
the deportees were to be placed individual accounts with the
Caisse des Depots et Consignations, and not in one collective
account which allegedly disappeared.
Despite numerous attempts by the author to publicize this fact,
the media remained silent until international pressure recently
forced the French government to establish a committee of inquiry
into the issue.
Key words: deportation, prisoners,
French police, dormant accounts, Drancy, frozen accounts, Auschwitz,
is an accessible scientific publication
which answers this need.
In view of the needs of professional counselors and in view
of the needs of the educated public for an integrative training
in this domain, I have decided
- to use this new medium to cater to the needs of those
who seek to know more about the anthropological basis of Judaism;
- to make accessible on this site academic papers of the
highest standard which adhere to the criteria enumerated above;
- to use the possibilities offered by Internet links in
order to create a truly integrative site, which covers the cognitive,
existential, emotional and aesthetic dimensions of the subject.
The response of viewers has confirmed
the need for such a site. Modia has been consistently popular
Modia registered 2000 visitors by day on its various sections.
The choice of this method of teaching
Modia is both an effective university and a yeshiva and no other
form of dissemination of my writings has reached so wide an
audience: my books have been published in fewer than several
thousand copies, acquired primarily by specialists.
And how many read them in their entirety'
In contrast, the continuity in the number of viewers and the
dozens of letters which arrive every day on the site confirm
the efficiency of this form of publication and dissemination.
In addition, the site provides viewers with a permanent tutoring
Since this involves academic and personal tutoring, the service
constitutes a veritable form of on-line counseling.
The tutoring service impacts beyond the individual level.
Those who benefit from it will then disseminate the knowledge
they have learnt in their own classrooms, private lessons or
through mail bulletins.
This site offers viewers the opportunity
of learning about the anthropology of the Jewish people:
- knowledge of the "founding" texts of Judaism;
- Jewish methods of commentary and study;
- the different schools and masters of Torah;
- Jewish thought regarding mankind, God and morality;
- the Jewish view of time (the Jewish calendar,
history, day, prayers, weeks, Shabbat, festivals and stages
- the Jewish view of space (the centrality of Israel
and Jerusalem, exile, places of study, the home, the community);
- the integration of all levels of human existence
(cognitive, imaginary, aesthetic, emotional, active, interpersonal)
These teachings are communicated not only
through the content but also through the form and style of this
For this reason too, the entire site is written by the author
I have chosen a style which transmits concepts and thoughts
in a language that is comprehensible, and not in the jargon
of any particular group. In keeping with Rashi's commentaries,
the style chosen aims to enable every level of viewer to learn
from the site and find in it things that are relevant to him.
Finally, nearly everything is based directly on written sources,
for this is not journalism.
Recommendation by the rabbinical
authorities of Israel
Below is an extract from the foreword of
my book "Lev Gompers" by Rav Shalom Messas, Chief Rabbi of Jerusalem,
and Head of Rabbinical Courts of Jerusalem (the complete review
takes up one page and is published in the introduction to" Lev
Gompers"): "'an important work, not only because of its content
but also because of its high standard'It presents a wealth
of knowledge, rules and introductions both for beginner students
of the Talmud and for those have already delved in it' 'even
the most knowledgeable hakhamim - scholars - of the Talmud and
its commentaries will appreciate and benefit from this work."